|How does BMI relate to health?
The BMI ranges are based on the effect body weight has on disease and
death.2 As BMI increases, the risk for some disease
increases. Some common conditions related to overweight and obesity
- Premature death
- Cardiovascular disease
- High blood pressure
- Some cancers
BMI is only one of many factors used to predict risk for disease. BMI
cannot be used to tell a person if he/she has a disease such as diabetes
or cancer. It is important to remember that weight is only one factor
that is related to disease.
1 Gallagher D, et al. How useful is BMI for comparison of
body fatness across age, sex and ethnic groups? American Journal of
2 World Health Organization. Physical status: The use and
interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health
Organization 1995. WHO Technical Report Series.
3 Calle EE, et al. BMI and mortality in prospective cohort
of U.S. adults. New England Journal of Medicine